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Durmaz Incel, O. and van Hoesel, L.F.W. and Jansen, P.G. and Havinga, P.J.M. (2005) Impact of Network Density on Bandwidth Resource Management in WSN. Technical Report TR-CTIT-05-43, Centre for Telematics and Information Technology University of Twente, Enschede. ISSN 1381-3625
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We describe a self-organizing, clustering protocol for bandwidth resource management in Wireless Sensor Networks. The proposed protocol allows the sensor nodes to communicate by a time-slotted, scheduled MAC algorithm. When the nodes are densely deployed, i.e., the connectivity is very high, the MAC algorithm may not provide access for all of the nodes due to the limited number of time-slots, consequently the network capacity degrades. To overcome this drawback, we extend the time-slotted MAC algorithm by clustering the nodes into direrent frequency domains while they can use the same time domain. The idea is basically to multiplex the time domain with the frequency domain. As a result, the number of nodes that are granted access to the wireless medium is increased by the number of frequency channels available. By using simulations, we evaluate the performance of the protocol. The results reveal that frequency multiplexing has the erect of increasing the capacity up to 100%.
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