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25874 From Cybercrime to Cyborg Crime: Botnets as Hybrid Criminal Actor-Networks
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van der Wagen, W. and Pieters, W. (2015) From Cybercrime to Cyborg Crime: Botnets as Hybrid Criminal Actor-Networks. British journal of Criminology, 55 (2). pp. 1-18. ISSN 0007-0955 *** ISI Impact 1,643 ***

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azv009

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Abstract

Botnets, networks of infected computers controlled by a commander, increasingly play a role in a broad range of cybercrimes. Although often studied from technological perspectives, a criminological perspective could elucidate the organizational structure of botnets and how to counteract them. Botnets, however, pose new challenges for the rather anthropocentric theoretical repertoire of criminology, as they are neither fully human nor completely machine driven. We use Actor-Network Theory (ANT) to provide a symmetrical perspective on human and non-human agency in hybrid cybercriminal networks and analyze a botnet case from this perspective. We conclude that an ANT lens is particularly suitable for shedding light on the hybrid and intertwined offending, victimization and defending processes, leading to the new concept of ‘cyborg crime'.

Item Type:Article
Research Group:EWI-SCS: Services, Cyber security and Safety
Research Program:CTIT-General
Research Project:TREsPASS: Technology-supported Risk Estimation By Predictive Assessment Of Socio-technical Security
Additional Information:Foreground = 20%;Type of activity = publication;Main leader = TUD;Type of audience = scientific community;Size of audience = n.a.; Countries addressed = international;
Uncontrolled Keywords:botnets; cybercrime, cyborg crime; Actor-Network Theory; agency; technical mediation
ID Code:25874
Status:Published
Deposited On:15 March 2015
Refereed:Yes
International:Yes
ISI Impact Factor:1,643
More Information:statisticsmetis

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