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24690 Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model
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Claessen, F.N. and Claessens, B. and Hommelberg, M.P.F. and Molderink, A. and Bakker, V. and Toersche, H.A. and van den Broek, M.A. (2014) Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model. Renewable Energy, 69. pp. 260-270. ISSN 0960-1481 *** ISI Impact 3,404 ***

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.037

Abstract

Various smart grid control systems have been developed with different architectures. Comparison helps developers identify their strong and weak points. A three-step analysis method is proposed to facilitate the comparison of independently developed control systems. In the first step, a microgrid model is created describing demand and supply patterns of controllable and non-controllable devices (Flex Street). In the second step, a version of Flex Street is used to design a case, with a given control objective and key performance indicators. In the last step, simulations of different control systems are performed and their results are analysed and compared. The Flex Street model describes a diverse set of households based on realistic data. Furthermore, its bottom-up modelling approach makes it a flexible tool for designing cases. Currently, three cases with peak-shaving objectives are developed based on scenarios of the Dutch residential sector, specifying various penetration rates of renewable and controllable devices.

The proposed method is demonstrated by comparing IntelliGator and TRIANA, two independently developed control systems, on peak reduction, energy efficiency, savings and abated emissions. Results show that IntelliGator-a real-time approach-is proficient in reducing peak demand, while TRIANA-a planning approach-also levels intermediate demand. Both systems yield benefits (€5–54 per household per year) through reduced transport losses and network investments in the distribution network.

Item Type:Article
Research Group:EWI-CAES: Computer Architecture for Embedded Systems, EWI-DMMP: Discrete Mathematics and Mathematical Programming
Research Program:CTIT-WiSe: Wireless and Sensor Systems
Research Project:DREAM: Dynamic Real-time Control Of Energy Streams In Buildings
Uncontrolled Keywords:Flex Street, Smart grid, Control system, Comparison method, IntelliGator, TRIANA
ID Code:24690
Status:Published
Deposited On:29 April 2014
Refereed:Yes
International:Yes
ISI Impact Factor:3,404
More Information:statistics

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