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Schwartz, R.S. and Ohazulike, A.E. and Sommer, C. and Scholten, J. and Dressler, F. and Havinga, P.J.M. (2012) Fair and adaptive data dissemination for traffic information systems. In: Fourth IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2012), 14-16 Nov 2012, Seoul, South Korea. pp. 1-8. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society. ISSN 2157-9857 ISBN 978-1-4673-4995-6
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/VNC.2012.6407432
Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) are expected to serve as support to the development of not only safety applications but also information-rich applications that disseminate relevant data to vehicles. Due to the continuous collection, processing, and dissemination of data, one crucial requirement is the efficient use of the available bandwidth. Firstly, the rate of message transmissions must be properly controlled in order to limit the amount of data inserted into the network. Secondly, messages must be carefully selected to maximize the utility (benefit) gain of vehicles in the neighborhood. We argue that such selection must aim at a fair distribution of data utility, given the possible conflicting data interests among vehicles. In this work, we propose a data dissemination protocol for VANETs that distributes data utility fairly over vehicles while adaptively controlling the network load. The protocol relies only on local knowledge to achieve fairness with concepts of Nash Bargaining from game theory. Simulation results show that our algorithm presents a higher fairness index and yet it maintains a high level of bandwidth utilization efficiency compared to other approaches. In addition, the rate of transmissions is adaptively controlled as new information about the environment is collected.
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