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14854 Efficient and Provable Secure Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption Schemes
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Ibraimi, L. and Tang, Qiang and Hartel, P.H. and Jonker, W. (2008) Efficient and Provable Secure Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption Schemes. Technical Report TR-CTIT-08-75, Centre for Telematics and Information Technology University of Twente, Enschede. ISSN 1381-3625

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Abstract

In a ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) scheme,
the data is encrypted under an access policy defined by a user who
encrypts the data and a user secret key is associated with a set
of attributes which identify the user. A user can decrypt the
ciphertext if and only if his attributes satisfy the access
policy. In CP-ABE, since the user enforces the access policy at
the encryption phase, the policy moves with the encrypted data.
This is important for data storage servers where data
confidentiality must be preserved even if the server is
compromised or un-trusted. In this paper, we provide an efficient
CP-ABE scheme which can express any access policy represented by a
formula involving $\wedge$ and $\vee$ boolean operators. The
scheme is secure under Decision Bilinear Diffie-Hellman assumption
(DBDH). Furthermore, we extend the expressivity of the scheme by
including \emph{of} (threshold) operator in addition to $\wedge$
and $\vee$ operators. We provide a comparison with existing CP-ABE
schemes and show that our schemes are more efficient. Especially,
the computational work done by the decryptor is reduced.

Item Type:Internal Report (Technical Report)
Research Group:EWI-DIES: Distributed and Embedded Security, EWI-DB: Databases
Research Program:CTIT-ISTRICE: Integrated Security and Privacy in a Networked World
Research Project:SPCMHD: Secure Patient-Centric Management of Health Data
ID Code:14854
Deposited On:26 January 2009
International:No
More Information:statisticsmetis

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